Morphix Chameleon field-configurable chemical detection kit provides a low-cost, easy-to-use, hands-free solution for first responders, military and industrial personnel. The Chameleon fits on the user's forearm, and is designed for easy on/easy off fit. It can be worn over most turn-out gear or level-A suits. Chameleon sensors require no power or calibration, and change color when the toxic gas is present. Learn more here about the chemicals detected in air by the Morphix Chameleon.
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|Chemical||Description||Chameleon Sensor Reaction|
|Low pH (Acids)||Common acid gases include hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, hydrofluoric acid and nitric acid. Storage tank leaks in chemical plants and during transportation result in exposure to acid vapors. Hydrochloric acid can be released when PVC electric cable jacketing is burned. Fluorocarbon refrigerants are non-flammable and non-explosive, but exposure to flames or hot surfaces will cause these compounds to generate hydrochloric acid and hydrofluoric acid. Household chemicals, when exposed to high heat can also generate acid vapors. A growing source of exposure to acid vapors occurs in clandestine methamphetamine laboratories.||pH <5||3-5 minutes|
|Ammonia||According to the New York State Hazardous Substances Emergency Events Surveillance Project, 24% of the events associated with First Responder injuries were due to exposure to ammonia. Ammonia’s primary uses are as an agricultural fertilizer and refrigerant in cold storage facilities. Ammonia is also an ingredient in the manufacture of gunpowder and sulfuric acid as well as illegal methamphetamines.||150 ppm||1-3 minutes|
|High pH (Bases)||Common basic gases include ammonia, hydrazine, 1,1-dimethylhydrazine, methylamine and allylamine. Storage tank leaks in chemical plants and during transportation result in exposure to basic vapors. Ammonia’s primary uses are as an agricultural fertilizer and refrigerant in cold storage facilities. Ammonia is also an ingredient in the manufacture of gunpowder and sulfuric acid as well as illegal methamphetamines.||pH > 8.5||1-3 minutes|
|Hydrogen Sulfide||Sources of hydrogen sulfide include industrial activities, gas and oil drilling operations, landfills and wastewater treatment facilities. Hydrogen sulfide is a significant threat because it is released primarily as a gas and spreads in the air. In addition, hydrogen sulfide remains in the atmosphere for about 18 hours.||50 ppm||3 minutes|
|Chlorine or Fluorine||Exposure to chlorine gas can occur during the synthesis of other chemicals, bleaches and disinfectants. Chlorine is a common industrial chemical and is used in most water treatment facilities. Fluorine gas is very reactive and quickly attacks all metals - steel wool may burst into flames when exposed to it. Exposure to fluorine may occur during the synthesis of other chemicals. Storage tank leaks in chemical plants and during transportation result in exposure to chlorine and fluorine vapors.||5 ppm||4 minutes|
|Iodine||Exposure to iodine can occur during the manufacture of iodine compounds, germicides and antiseptics as well as in the manufacture of methamphetamines. Iodine is an irritant of the eyes, mucous membranes and skin and may cause tightening of the chest and difficult breathing. Concentrations of 1.6ppm have been shown to cause eye irritation within 5 minutes.||1 ppm||5 minutes|
|Phosgene||According to a report by the United Nations Environment Program, the International Labor Organization and the World Health Organization, firefighters are at risk from phosgene formed when chlorinated hydrocarbons and PVC are heated, such as during a fire or welding process. Phosgene exposure may also occur from leaks at phosgene producing facilities or during transportation.||1 ppm||5 minutes|
|Phosphine||Exposure to phosphine can occur during the preparation of fumigants and flame retardants. Phosphine is widely used by the semiconductor industry as a chemical doping agent for electronic components. Phosphine is also released in the manufacture of methamphetamines. Inhalation of phosphine may cause pain in the diaphragm, nausea, and vomiting. Some effects, such as pulmonary edema, convulsions and liver injury may appear or continue to be present days after exposure.||25 ppm |
|2 minutes 12 minutes|
|Sulfur Dioxide||Sulfur dioxide is widely used in bleaching and in the chemical manufacture of sulfuric acid. Additionally, it has been used as a food preservative; particularly to maintain the appearance of fruit. Sulfur dioxide is produced by combustion of coal, fuel oil, and gasoline, since these fuels contain sulfur. It is a dangerous air pollutant because of its corrosive properties; it irritates the eyes, nose, and lungs. Exposure to sulfur dioxide may irritate the lungs causing coughing and/or shortness of breath. Higher exposures may cause pulmonary edema.||50 ppm||3 minutes|
|Toluene Diisocyanate||Toluene Diisocyanate (TDI) is a common industrial chemical, used in numerous industries to manufacture polyurethane foams and other elastomers. TDI exposure can occur from industrial accidents or from accidents during transportation. It has been reported that TDI could be released from burning polyurethane foam or other materials.||1.2 ppm||3-4 minutes|